Intelligent V2V-equipped cars will start appearing, but only with high speed connectivity will they really take off .
A report from ABI Research shows that investments in vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) services are gaining huge momentum, together with other elements of smart transportation and smart cities. Intelligent V2V-equipped cars will start appearing in the next couple of years, but it is only with the arrival of 5G that things will really take off.
5G mobile is due to reach us in around 2020 and it will be so much more than just another ‘G’. The current 4G was about personal productivity. But the future of cellular technology will be very much about everything else, giving more customer value to connected car services, telematics and other IoT services because the roll outs – when they happen – will be faster and cheaper.
It is expected that 5G telematics will offer speeds of over 50 times faster than that of the current 4G LTE, coupled with a reduction in latency (the delay from input into a system to desired outcome) of 90%.
This will benefit the connected car ecosystem as car drivers will be able to download movies and multimedia at high speed through the car’s infotainment systems.
Software updates will also be downloaded to the vehicle at high speed, new types of risk-related services become possible, such as intersection collision warnings and alerts from emergency vehicles (transmitting current position of incidents and kinetic states to surrounding cars at sub-100 millisecond speeds).
But the technology behind 5G is complex. The benefits go beyond simple processing speed and extend to:
- Ultra-low complexity (10s of bits per second)
- Extreme capacity for high-density situations such as cities and vehicle traffic uses (1 million nodes per square kilometre)
- Ultra-low energy (10-plus years of battery life)
- Deep coverage (to reach challenging locations)
- Strong security (for health, government and insurance-regulated uses)
- Ultra-high reliability (1 out of 100 million packets lost)
- Ultra-low latency (as low as 1 millisecond)
- Extreme user mobility
- Deep awareness (discovery and optimization for intelligent solutions).
5G powering vehicle connections
Speakers at the recent TechXLR8 conference for London Tech Week described 5G as scalable, versatile and energy smart, ready for the hyper-connected world of the Internet of Things.
Thomas Lukaszewicz, Manager Automated Driving Europe at Ford, talked about Ford’s participation in UK Autodrive which is trialling the use of connected and self-driving vehicles in partnership with Jaguar Land Rover and Tata. Ford’s project aims to validate and develop V2V and V2I technologies for automated vehicle capabilities.
In common with other vehicle manufacturers, he said Ford is also in discussions for new legal and insurance frameworks.
Thomas Lukaszewicz spoke about the types of V2X (vehicle-to-everything) use cases that Ford has been testing, and why the added speed and processing power of 5G will have an impact on vehicle telematics, and therefore insurance risk ratings and the connected car infrastructure.
“At Ford we are committed to enhancing road safety, efficiency and traffic flows,” said Thomas Lukaszewicz.
He described the latest V2X systems Ford is developing, which include the Electronic Emergency Brake Light (EEBL) — important in a dense driving environment — and the Green Light Optimal Speed Advisory (GLOSPA) for improving traffic flow and displaying the time until the next green traffic light phase.
“Response times of 100 milliseconds with [4G] LTE are still not sufficient for some ADAS [Advanced Driver Assistance Systems] uses,” he said. “But we believe the 5G investments from Ford will be globally significant.”
From the viewpoint of vehicle telematics, the performance of 5G will bring many new benefits to society in future, in terms of saving injuries, losses and human lives.
But the relationships necessary to drive ADAS are going to become increasingly complex, increasingly demanding on data processing. They will increasingly involve services that can only be supported by 5G, such as vehicles connecting to traffic lights and other infrastructure, not just other vehicles.
The ancillary relationships such as insurance telematics and fleet management are becoming increasingly complex and collaborative if we look across at all the necessary elements: the tier 1 telecom companies, the hardware companies, the car OEMs, the autonomous driving platforms (Nvidia versus Mobileye/Intel versus Google’s Waymo) and the risk analytics solutions like the LexisNexis Telematics Exchange that gathers, ingests and normalizes data from all related sources.
The race to define the autonomous vehicle platform is forming into a fairly tangled web.
Speaking at the TechXLR8 event, Audi head of development Connect Car-2-X Services, Florian Schwensfeier said that with all the gigabytes of data being generated per day, per vehicle, there are still unanswered questions around what is going to lead to the greatest value for consumers.
“We need to look at it from many different perspectives,” said Florian Schwensfeier. “We need to guard against any corruption of that data and set up data platforms that are localisable.”
“There is a role for a network administrator for the connected car,” said Toby Poston, director of communications and external relations at BVRLA (British Vehicle Rental and Leasing Association). “There needs to be a standard onboard operating system that will give access to vehicle data in real time. This is the long-term best solution.”
The common view is that 5G, when it comes, is going to lead to something extraordinary, as connected vehicles, risk sensing for insurance, robotics, smart cities, brain-computer interfaces and a variety of new services come to life.
LexisNexis Risk Solutions, a unit of RELX Group, is a global data technology and advanced analytics leader, with customers in over 100 countries worldwide.